Paper 1, Section B: Germany, 1918-45

▪ How many questions do I answer?
You will choose one question from a choice of two. You should be able to attempt either one of these in 40 minutes.
It is very likely that one question will be on "The Weimar Republic and the Rise of Hitler" whilst the other will be on "The Nazi Regime" (see below).

▪ What will the format of the questions be?
Each question consists of a piece of evidence followed by a three-part question following a standard markscheme:
(a) Describe [5] [practice questions]
(b) Explain [7] [practice questions]
(c) Assess [8] [practice questions]

A. The Weimar Republic and the Rise of Hitler, 1918-33

B. The Nazi Regime,
1933-45

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

The Nazi regime: how effectively did the Nazis control Germany, 1933-45?

The Nazi regime: what was it like to live in Nazi Germany?

How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War?
What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s?
How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime?
How did young people react to the Nazi regime?
What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic?
Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?
How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents?
How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family?
To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?
Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933?
How did the Nazis use culture and the mass media to control the people?
Did most people in Germany benefit from Nazi rule?
What were the achievements of the Weimar period?
How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933-4?
Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society?
Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?
How did the coming of war change life in Nazi Germany?

Interactive Cartoon Analysis

Interactive Cartoon Analysis

Fing the Teacher Quiz

Fling the Teacher Quizzes

1. Nazi Police State | 2. Economic Policies | 3. Women / Family | 4. Young People | 5. Religion | 6. Minority Groups | 7. Jews | 8. Propaganda | 9. Opposition | 10. Impact of War

Mega Challenge (Combination of all the above!)

 


Past Questions (do one 3-part question - EITHER Weimar OR Nazis)

 1. Weimar
2011 (Winter) 2011 (Summer) 2010 (Winter) 2010 (Summer) 2009 (Winter) 2009 (Summer) 2008 (Winter) 2008
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2003 (summer) 2002 (winter) 2002 (summer) 2001
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2000 (summer)

(a)

5 marks

Describe conditions in Germany at the end of the First World War. What part did Hitler play in the Munich Putsch? How was Hitler affected by the Munich Putsch? What were the main features of the Weimar Constitution? Describe the events of the Kapp Putsch of 1920. Describe the events of the Munich Putsch, 1923. Describe the activities of the SA. Describe the occupation of the Ruhr in 1923. What were the main features of the Weimar Constitution? In what ways did Hitler change his tactics following the Munich Putsch? What were Hitler’s aims in attempting the Munich Putsch? What problems existed in Germany 1918-20? Who were the Spartacists? Describe the Kapp Putsch Describe the ideas and policies of the Nazi Party in the 1920s Describe the Munich Putsch Describe the effects of the hyperinflation of 1923 on the German people Describe the Munich Putsch Describe the activities of the Freikorps in Germany, 1919-20 What was the SA? What was the Munich Putsch of 1923? Describe the attempts to overthrow the Weimar Republic made in 1919-20 What territorial terms were imposed on Germany by the Versailles Treaty? Describe how WWI still affected the lives of German People in the years 1919-23

(b)

7 marks

Why was the new Weimar government unstable up to 1923? Why was the Munich Putsch important for Hitler and the Nazi Party? Why did events from 1930 to 1932 result in Hitler becoming Chancellor? Why was the Weimar Republic in danger of collapse in 1919–20? Why, in 1923, was the Weimar Republic in crisis? Why did the Nazi Party have little success before 1930? Why did Hitler attempt the Munich Putsch? Why was there hyperinflation in Germany in 1923? Why was 1923 a year of crisis for the Weimar Republic? Why did the events of 1930–32 result in Hitler becoming Chancellor? Why was the Putsch important? Why was 1923 a year of crisis for the Weimar Republic? Why did Germans hate the Treaty of Versailles? Why was there an economic crisis in 1923? Explain why the Nazi Party had so little success before 1930. Why did the support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? Why did France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr in 1923? Why did the Nazi Party make little progress in Germany before 1930? Why were there so many uprisings in Germany in the years 1919-22? Why did the Nazi Party become popular between 1929 and 1932? Why was Stresemann's foreign policy a success? Why did Germans dislike the terms of the Treaty of Versailles so much? Why did Germany dislike the other terms of the Treaty of Versailles? Why did Germany suffer hyperinflation in 1923?

(c)

8 marks

How far did the Weimar Republic recover after 1923? Explain your answer. To what extent was Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in 1933 a result of his personal
popularity
? Explain your answer.

‘The most important reason for Hitler being able to strengthen his control of Germany between
1933 and 1934 was the Reichstag Fire.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain
your answer.

‘The Weimar Republic was a failure.’ How far do you agree with this statement?
Explain your answer.
Economic success was the main achievement of the Stresemann era.’ How far do you agree
with this statement? Explain your answer.
How significant was the role of Hitler in increasing the popularity of the Nazi Party between
1929 and 1932? Explain your answer.
Was the Reichstag Fire more important than the Enabling Act in allowing Hitler
consolidate power? Explain your answer.
How far did the Weimar Republic recover and prosper after 1923? Explain your
answer.
To what extent did the Weimar Republic recover after 1923?

‘The most important reason why Hitler was able to strengthen his control over Germany
during the period 1933–34 was the “Night of the Long Knives”.’ How far do you agree?

‘The actions of von Papen and Hindenburg were the main reason why Hitler became
Chancellor
.’ Do you agree?

How successful was the Weimar Republic by 1928? To what extent did the Weimar Republic recover after 1923? Hyperinflation was a disaster’ How far do you agree with this statement. 'The Depression the main reason why Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.' Do you agree? How important was the ‘Night of the Long Knives’ in establishing Hitler in power in 1933-34? How far did Stresemann restore pride and prosperity to Germany? Did the election results of 1930-33 prove that the people of Germany supported Hitler's ideas and policies? How far was Germany's treatment in the Versailles peace settlement unfair? To what extent was Hitler's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January 1933 the result of his popularity? By 1929, how far had Germany recovered from its earlier problems?  How successfully did Weimar governments deal with Germany's problems in the years 1920-24? How far was the rise of the Nazis to power the result of German dissatisfaction with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? How well did the Weimar Republic deal with problems which confronted it between 1923 and 1929?
                                                 
 2. Nazis
2011 (Winter) 2011 (Summer) 2010 (Winter) 2010 (Summer) 2009 (Winter) 2009 (Summer) 2008 (Winter) 2008
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2007
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2007
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2006
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2006 (summer) 2005
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2005
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2004 (winter) 2004 (summer) 2003
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2003 (summer) 2002 (winter) 2002 (summer) 2001
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2001 (summer) 2000
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2000 (summer)

(a)

5 marks

Describe Nazi policies towards women. What did Hitler hope to achieve from staging the 1936 Olympic Games, and what
actually happened?
How did the Nazis use education to indoctrinate young people? What was the ’Strength through Joy’ programme introduced by the Nazis? What was the Enabling Law of 1933? Describe the events of Kristallnacht. Describe the Nazi policy of autarky Describe the events of the Night of the Long Knives. Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth. Describe the work of Goebbels. Describe the events of the Night of the Long Knives.

Describe how the Nazis tried to win the hearts of minds of young people

What were Nazi views towards women and the family?

Describe the changes the Nazis made to education

Describe the actions taken by Hitler to reduce unemployment

Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people

What was the Enabling Act of March 1933?

Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth organisations.

Describe the treatment of the Jews in Nazi Germany from 1935

Describe the events of the Night of the Long Knives.

What was a Nazi 'concentration camp'?

What methods did the Nazis use to gain support in the elections of 1930-32? 

In what ways did Hitler give the impression that Germany was a great country?

In what ways were the youth of Germany given special attention by the Nazis?

 

(b)

7 marks

Why were the Nazis able to reduce unemployment? Why did the Nazis persecute minorities in Germany in the 1930s? Why did the Nazis encourage young people to join the Hitler Youth? Why were women important in Hitler’s plans for Germany? Why did the Nazis carry out the ‘Night of the Long Knives’? Why were the changes made to education important to the Nazis? Why was Hitler able to gain popularity with male workers? Why was Röhm a threat to Hitler? Explain how Nazi policies reduced unemployment. Why did the Nazis persecute minorities in German society? Why was Goebbels important to Hitler?

Why did the Nazis try to change the role of women?

Why did the Nazis encourage young people to join the Hitler Youth?

Why did the Nazis persecute minority groups?

 

Why did the Nazis discourage women from going out to work? 

Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people?

Why did Hitler seek to control all forms of media?

 

Why did the Nazis want to change and control women's roles?

Why were the Jews persecuted by the Nazis?

 

Why was Goebbels important to Hitler?

 

Why did the Nazis introduce the 'Final Solution'?

 

Why did the Weimar Republic fail

 

Why did the Nazis persecute minorities in Germany in the 1930s?

Why did the Nazis place great value on the education of the young?

(c)

8 marks

How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family? Explain your answer. How successful was the Nazi regime in dealing with opposition? Explain your answer. How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer.

‘Nazi education and youth policies were not effective in controlling young people.’
How far do you agree with this statement?
Explain your answer.

‘The most effective method used by the Nazis to control the German people was the police
state
.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

To what extent did German people benefit from Nazi rule in the 1930s? Explain your answer. How far did young people support the policies of the Nazis? Explain your answer. Which was the more important in controlling the people of Nazi Germany:
propaganda;
the SS and Gestapo
?
How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family? Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state? Explain your answer. ‘Most Germans supported the Nazis during their twelve years in power.’ How far do you agree?

How successful were the Nazis in dealing with opposition? Explain your answer

'Most people in Germany benefited from Nazi rue'. How far do agree with this statement?

Young people did not support the Nazi regime’. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

How total was the control the Nazis had over the German people before 1939? Explain your answer.

How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer.

How far had Hitler's policies gained the support of the German people by 1939? Explain your answer.

How successful were Nazi policies towards young people? Explain your answer.

By the end of the 1930s, did Hitler rule Germany by oppression or by popular support? Explain your answer. 

'Hitler removed all opposition to Nazi rule within Germany by the end of 1935.' Do you agree? Explain your answer.

 To what extent did Germans turn against Hitler during the course of WWII? Explain your answer.

To what extent did the Nazi Party after 1933 keep popular support? Explain your answer.

 How successful had Hitler's domestic policies been by 1939? Explain your answer.

 In the late 1930s, were most Germans satisfied with their lives under Nazi rule? Explain your answer.