Why did youth protest counterculture movements develop in the USA, and how successful were they in realising their objectives?

A new study unit for IBDP History.

The 1960s saw the emergence of a ‘counterculture’ as young people in particular rebelled against traditional values and ways of life. The conditions for the emergence of this counterculture are varied and complex, and include such things as:
Economic wealth and educational opportunities gave the post-war ‘baby boom’ generation in the US an unprecedented degree of power and confidence
Musicfashion and movie industries helped foster a separate, energetic ‘teen identity’ in opposition to an older generation who simply craved peace and stability after World War Two
An emerging drug culture, summed up by Timothy Leary’s call for students to “turn on, tune in and drop out” sharpened a sense of conflict with the authorities.