Please fill in the following form to contact the author, Russel Tarr (@russeltarr)
ActiveHistory provides entertaining, educational award-winning interactive simulations, decision-making games, self-marking quizzes, high-quality worksheets and detailed lesson plans for teachers and students.
View the top 50 activities here.
You can also request a free trial.
"Appeasement" can be defined as "giving in to someone's demands as far as is reasonably possible to avoid conflict". Throughout the 1930s, Britain and France in particular were very keen on using this policy. They used it in their dealings with Japan (who attacked Manchuria), Italy (who attacked Abyssinnia) and of course Germany (who reached a Naval Agreement with Britain, remilitarised the Rhineland, secured an Anshcluss with Austria and took control of the Sudetenland).
Since World War Two, politicians have been desperate to avoid being accused of appeasement. This has created aggressive foreign policies which are arguably much less well-considered, and just as damaging: Britain plunged into the Suez Crisis and the USA got bogged down in Vietnam (and now Iraq) rather than "surrender" to the demands of "the next Hitler".
This essay assignment will test your ability to
Although class time will be given over to this assignment, you will also be expected to work on it at home. Your teacher will be able to give you some general advice on structuring essays and about events, issues and concepts - but the actual assignment must be entirely your own work.
Through your studies, you should already be familiar with the main causes of World War Two (German bitterness about Versailles; weaknesses of the League of Nations; the impact of the Depression; the rise of aggressive dictatorships in Japan, Italy and Germany; the policy of appeasement led by Britain and France).
Once you feel confident that you understand the events and issues, you can start thinking about writing your essay.
Exhibit A. A sample markscheme for an essay at GCSE / IGCSE level.
General points; little evidence of background knowledge from classroom studies
One-sided answer; factual details about one factor described
One-sided answer; role of one factor explained
Multi-causal answer; factual details about several factors described
Multi-causal answer; role of several factors explained, but in isolation
Multi-causal answer; role of several factors explained, and linked together
Exhibit B. How to write essays at GCSE / IGCSE History. A step-by-step guide by Mr. Tarr.
In theory, your essay could be handed in at this point. However, before doing so it is a good idea to have a look at some other sources
1. Why has Germany taken so long to pay off its WWI debt? Germany is finally paying off World War I reparations, with the last 70 million euro (£60m) payment drawing the debt to a close.2. Briefing: Computer traders blamed for Wall Street crash 3. Germany still owes £50m in reparations for the First World War 4. Glorious 39's scorn for appeasement is unjustified #historyteacher (via activehistory.co.uk / classtools.net) 5. World War 2: Poland was conspiring with Nazis to destroy Soviet Union, Russia claims 6. Vladimir Putin condemns appeasement of Hitler on 70th anniversary of WW2 outbreak 7. EyeWitness Reports: Watching the start of World War II 8. Stalin's bid for a new world order 9. BBC Viewpoint: The Nazi-Soviet Pact 10. Treaty of Versailles: 90 years old this weekend
1. World War Two Multimedia History by Laurence Rees
2. Fantastic Starter Image for study of the Wall St. Crash
3. Rare Library of Congress colour photographs of the Great Depression | Mail Online
In the bleak light of the Depression: Rare colour photographs of the era that defined a generation4. A Photo Essay on the Great Depression
5. Peace and War in the 20th Century: Fantastic site for #historyteacher (RT @russeltarr)
6. Interview with Gen. Goering 5/4/37
7. Interview with Dr. Schacht 5/5/37
8. Interview with Hitler 5/4/37 on his foreign policy - great source!
9. The Origins of the Second World War - Ruth Henig
10. League of Nations - Everything on League of Nations
11. GCSE History: International Relations, 1929-39
Events (100 years ago today): 1917 - The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
Births (150 years ago today): 1867 - Carl Laemmle, German-born American film producer, co-founded Universal Studios (d. 1939)
Births (100 years ago today): 1917 - M. G. Ramachandran, Indian actor, director, and politician, 5th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (d. 1987)
Births (50 years ago today): 1967 - Richard Hawley, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
Deaths (400 years ago today): 1617 - Fausto Veranzio, Croatian bishop and lexicographer (b. 1551)
RSS Feed | Full week | Get Widget
What is Politics? Why are so many people not interested in it and why is this worrying?
Communism and Fascism: Whats the difference?
Design your ideal state
LBJ and the Great Society
Hexagons Activity: Impact of the Industrial Revolution
Sourcework Exercise: The Sharpeville Massacre Teacher model answers
50 Essential Songs for the History Classroom
Sourcework Exercise: The Sharpeville Massacre
Model answers for sourcework exercise on rise of Apartheid
Slave Trade Simulation: Updated and improved
Model Essay Compare and contrast the role of ideology in causing two 20th-century wars, each chosen from a different region
Model Essay What were the most frequent causes of 20th-century wars?
Vietnam veteran John Kerrys statement at the Senate hearings of 1971
Why, and with what degree of justification, did Nixon refuse to immediately withdraw from Vietnam?
Compare and contrast the policy of Johnson and Nixon with regard to Vietnam