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Individual Research Task: In-depth analysis of one war
Each student in the class is given a different war to focus on taken from the IB syllabus, and asked to analyse it in terms of key themes of causation (e.g. political, military, socio-economic).
Paired Feedback and Presentation Task: Comparisons and Contrasts between two wars
Students then compare and contrast their allocated conflict with that of a partner to start drawing out some key areas of comparison and contrast. This is followed by a whole-class discussion to start identifying some common themes for consideration.
Teacher-led activity: Historiography on the Origins of Warfare
Students are provided with a detailed breakdown of six key schools of historiographical thought relating to the origins of wars. Using their knowledge of a wide range of wars students decide which wars could be used to illustrate each theory. This then leads towards the final essay being produced.
Model Essays from RJ Tarr [teacher password required]
The following two essays could be shared with students after they have produced their own work.
Compare and contrast the role of ideology in causing two 20th-century wars, each chosen from a different region
"Although at face value very different conflicts, the Spanish Civil War and the Vietnam War were strikingly similar in a number of important ways: not least the central role played by ideology in precipitating the outbreak of the conflict. This essay will seek to demonstrate..."
What were the most frequent causes of 20th-century wars?
"The 20th Century was defined by two World Wars which brought havoc upon civilization unprecedented in human history, and in the continued instability of the 21st century a study of their causes – and how to avoid them - is an essential method of working for peace. Yet they were only two conflicts amongst many other tragedies such as the Chinese Civil War, the Spanish Civil War and the Russian Civil War..."
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Events (50 years ago today): 1969 – The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.
Births (200 years ago today): 1819 – James McCulloch, Scottish-Australian politician, 5th Premier of Victoria (d. 1893)
Births (150 years ago today): 1869 – Neville Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
Births (50 years ago today): 1969 – Andy Cutting, English accordion player and composer
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