Spanish Civil War: Events

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This unit on the events of the Spanish Civil War can be preceded with a study of the causes of the Spanish Civil War.

Introduction: The Outcome of the Spanish Civil War was by no means a foregone conclusion

This worksheet will later be used as the basis for the introduction to the main essay "Why did Franco win the Spanish Civil War?"

A Nationalist travel brochure produced during the war offering tours of battlefield sites
A Nationalist travel brochure produced during the war offering tours of battlefield sites

Which Party Would You Have Supported During the Spanish Civil War?

An interactive simulation. Rank the problems facing Spain which are the most urgent, then select which policies you think are the most appropriate response for each. At the end of the simulation you will then be told which party most closely matched your own preferences. Complete with a detailed worksheet to help students compare and contrast the various parties on the eve of the Civil War.

Detailed Timeline and Preliminary Analysis Task | Teacher Answers

Students are provided with a detailed timeline of events of the Spanish Civil War, and have to organise these into various categories to start forming a judgement as to why Franco emerged victorious.

Detailed Analysis and Video Documentary Clips

In this activity, students consider not only the role of the Republic, the Nationalists and Foreign powers in the conflict, but also the role played by political, socio-economic and military factors. They begin by using ideas from their timeline (previous activity) and the move on to watch a series of online video clips to develop their understanding and start working towards conclusions.

Interactive Newsfeed: The Events of the Spanish Civil War

As a simpler alternative to the previous activity, students complete this worksheet using the interactive newsfeed activity, and then categorise the information thematically to begin analysing the causes for Franco's victory.

PowerPoint Follow-Up: Detailed Analysis

This presentation should be used by the teacher after completion of the previous worksheet. It goes through each of the key areas considered and ensures that students have a thorough and correct understanding. It is broken up with discussion points and quiz questions.

Detailed Analysis: 25-Question Factual Test

To round off this part of the study, students should revise for this factual test (which comes complete with teacher answers).

Propaganda in the Civil War

An in-depth investigation into the use of propaganda by the Nationalists and the Republicans during the civil war, focusing closely on a case-study of Picasso's Guernica through watching Simon Schama's excellent documentary (available here). There is also a wonderful 3D representation of the painting here. Following this lesson, students could analyse these primary source documents.

The International Dimension to the Spanish Civil War

This worksheet outlines why the Spanish Civil War was so important in an international sense. The roles of the major powers are outlined and compared and cartoons relating to the non-intervention committee are analysed.

Why did Germany get involved in the Spanish Civil War?

Students analyse a series of written sources - primary and secondary - to develop an understanding of why Germany got involved in the Spanish Civil War. By comparing, contrasting, organising points under key headings and summarising their findings, students will end this lesson with a sound grasp of Germany's motives. Sourcework questions invite students to consider the reliability of the sources and expand on each with elements of background knowledge: key skills for the IGCSE sourcework paper. Students could also use this interactive Diamond 9 diagram at

Interactive Cartoon Analysis: German involvement in the Spanish Civil War

Five cartoons, 10 questions: students provide their own answers using the writing framework provided, then they can compare their answers alongside model answers which I have written to help them revise. A great way to develop sourcework skills.

What did Germany contribute to the Spanish Civil War?

A decision-making exercise. Students are asked a series of questions about how they think Hitler should have organised his help to Franco's Nationalists. The teacher then tells the students what actually happened in each case so that the class can discuss the merits and drawbacks of each policy. Sourcework questions round the exercise off.

Why did Franco win the Spanish Civil War?

Students are provided with a list of essential points relating to the international consequences of the Spanish Civil War. These are analysed in terms of what Hitler's objectives were, and what the actual results were - thereby keeping a close focus on the subject of the sourcework paper for 2009 (Germany Involvement in the Spanish Civil War). The class is then asked to consider how crucial German involvement in the Spanish Civil War was in terms of Franco's victory. Sourcework questions round the worksheet off.

To what extent was Franco's victory in the Spanish Civil War due to the involvement of foreign powers?

Model essay by RJ Tarr

Keyword Checker: What was the legacy of the Spanish Civil War?

Students paste their essay into this interface and get a score based on how many keywords they have included. Excellent for ensuring topic coverage at first-draft phase.

"Who Am I?" Challenge - Spanish Civil War

Each team will be presented with a clue about a key historical figure. They get 50 points if they guess it correctly. If they wish to 'pass', they get further (easier) clues but the points available steadily decline. An incorrect guess at any point means they get zero points for that round. You can play as many rounds as you wish. It's a great way to revise!

Play your Dates Right: The Spanish Civil War

An online quiz designed to ensure that students have a good grasp of the chronology.



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