The Stuarts

1. Causes of the English Civil War


King James I (1603-1625)


The English Civil War: PowerPoint Starter
A series of images and short textual points designed to generate student interest. What was the Civil War? Why is it important to study?
To accompany this, I have produced a short video of my own which I originally created as a distance-learning resource during COVID-19 which you could show to your students.

2. King James I: An Overview
Students consider the personality and policies of King James I as a long-term explanation for the outbreak of the Civil War.
3. EITHER - King James I: The Gunpowder Plot
An in-depth investigation into the Gunpowder plot making use of primary source materials to help students decide whether the Catholics were "framed". This PowerPoint Slide could be used as a starter to the lesson, and there is also a Fling the Teacher Quiz which can be used as a factual test.

OR - ActiveHistory Mystery - The Gunpowder Plot [Interactive]
An engaging "Historical Mystery" designed to develop skills of question formulation, deduction, research, groupwork and essay writing. Using a range of visual and written "clues", students piece together a genuine historical mystery and work towards an independent conclusion. Worksheets and markschemes included.

Whilst students are working on their essays as a homework exercise, I also like to set up this QR Code Treasure Hunt to provide them with more information and interest!



King Charles I (1625-1649)

1. King Charles I: Overview Decision Making Game [interactive]
Students play as King Charles I and try to avoid taking the country into a Civil War. Comes complete with a worksheet and follow-up activities.
2. King Charles I: Timeline Analysis
A chronological analysis of the problems leading up to the outbreak of the English Civil War.

King Charles I: Venn Diagram
A thematic analysis of the problems leading up to the outbreak of the English Civil War.

4. Fling the Teacher Quiz
Causes of the English Civil War

2. Events and Outcomes of the English Civil War


The Events of the English Civil War: Overview
An overview of the main events of the war is provided, and a discussion takes place as to whether the King should be put on trial. The lesson can be accompanied by the first part of this Prezi Presentation.

2. The Trial of King Charles I: Primary Source Analysis
Students read transcripts of the trial to consider what they tell us about the King, his prosecutors and the attitude of those present.

The Trial of King Charles I: Film Analysis
How accurately has the event been depicted in films such as Cromwell (1970) and To Kill a King (2002)? The lesson can be accompanied by the second part of this Prezi Presentation.The video clips are embedded within it, but they are also accessible at YouTube: [Cromwell (1970)] [To Kill a King (2002)]

4. The Execution of King Charles I: Film and Primary Source Analysis
How accurately has the event been depicted in films such as Cromwell (1970) and To Kill a King (2002)? The video clips are accessible at YouTube: [Cromwell (1970)] [To Kill a King (2002)]

Interactive exercises

3. Cromwell and the Protectorate


What sort of a man was Oliver Cromwell?
A series of sources are provided and students consider such questions as "What is the difference between 'famous' and 'infamous'?" / "How far do these sources agree about Cromwell?" / "Why do you think they might disagree about some things (hint: think about who wrote them, when and why!)" / "Do you think that it is possible that all of these sources could be true? Explain your answer carefully".


Oliver Cromwell's Life and Career
Oliver Cromwell is a controversial character. There are often calls for his statue outside Parliament to be taken down. In this lesson we will investigate his life and career in more detail to decide whether he deserves to be remembered as a famous hero or an infamous villain.


England without a King: How should the country be governed?
After the execution of Charles I in 1649 England became a republic - a country without a King - and was called the 'Commonwealth' after the phrase 'Common Weal' or ordinary people. No-one had any experience of how to run the country, but there were several groups who had their own ideas...


"Levellers and Diggers": A song by Gerard Winstanley (1648)
Which groups are criticized in this song? What are they criticized for? Can you produce the first verse of a song for EITHER the Royalists OR the Republicans in the same style as that of Gerrard Wistanley's?

5. How did Cromwell rule England 1649-1658?
Students fill the gaps in a detailed account with the words listed at the bottom of it, then use this information to answer the questions which follow.



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