The Rise to power of Pinochet in Chile, 1973
Have you tried...?


The IB History examination is very keen that students learn to compare and contrast the methods and conditions which led to the rise to power of single party state rulers - sometimes insisting that they are from different parts of the world, and / or that one is a right-wing dictator whilst the other is a left-wing dictator!

As a result, I follow my detailed treatment of the Rise of Mao in China with a shorter "mini-unit" on Pinochet in Chile. Students then conclude this study by writing an essay on the subject of "Compare and contrast the methods and conditions which led to the rise of Mao and Pinochet".

Combined with their studies of the Rise of Franco in Spain and Rise of Stalin in the USSR, this means that students go into the exam equipped with two left-wing dictators (each from a different part of the world) and two right-wing dictators (each from a different part of the world).


Worksheets and Lesson Materials


Powerpoint Starter
Students are presented with a series of images from which to draw their own initial deductions. They are then told what each one represents. A good introduction to the topic.


Individual Research Task
Students are given this worksheet framework to help structure their investigation about why Pinochet became leader of Chile. They should use any sources available to them (books, video, websites). A particularly good video is the 10-minute drama film by Ken Loach which can be found on YouTube.


3. Factual Test
A detailed analysis of the causes for Pinochet's rise to power presented as a "Fill the Blanks" quiz. There is a completed teacher version available.
4. Compare and Contrast the Rise to Power of Two Single Party State Rulers
With the research on Pinochet completed, the students now move on to compare and contrast his rise to that of Mao in China. This worksheet provides them with structured guidance on how to go about this process. As a popular format of question in the IB examination, this is a very useful exercise.

Feedback: Comparing and Contrasting the Rise of Two Single Party State Rulers
Students then get into pairs and small groups to compare their approaches to the previous task. There is a lengthy list of "discussion points" provided too in this worksheet designed to get them thinking more (e.g. the USA opposed Mao, but failed to prevent his rise; but they favoured Pinochet, who succeeded. Why the difference?). There are some teacher notes to help with this exercise too.

6. Essay Writing
This short study unit should end with students writing an essay on the subject of "Compare and Contrast the Rise to Power of Two Single Party State Rulers" (focusing on Mao and Pinochet). I have written a model essay on this subject myself which is available in the teacher resources area.

Fling the Teacher Quiz: The Rise of Pinochet
I give students 10 minutes at the start of the lesson to try to complete the quiz. Anyone completing the quiz within the available time gets a score based on the amount of minutes left on the clock. They can then move on to the first lesson task, whatever that happens to be, whilst the other members of the class continue to play. I build up a 'leaderboard' of scores over the numerous lessons we have during revision time to build up momentum!



Recommended Film

"Santiago, capital of Chile during the Marxist government of elected, highly controversial president Salvador Allende. Father McEnroe supports his leftist views by introducing a program at the prestigious "collegio" (Catholic prep school) St. Patrick to allow free admission of some proletarian kids. One of them is Pedro Machuca, slum-raised son of the cleaning lady in Gonzalo Infante's liberal-bourgeois home. Yet the new classmates become buddies, paradoxically protesting together as Gonzalo gets adopted by Pedro's slum family and gang. But the adults spoil that too, not in the least when general Pinochet's coup ousts Allende, and supporters such as McEnroe" (from



History in the News for The Rise to power of Pinochet in Chile, 1973

1. Chile to Exhume Nobel Prize Winner Neruda in Pinochet-Era Probe - Bloomberg A Chilean judge ordered investigators to exhume the remains of Nobel Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda to determine whether the author of “Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair” was murdered after the 1973 military coup,
2. Government minister voices regret for supporting Chilean dictator Government minister voices regret for supporting Chilean dictator
3. Chile activists call for ban on Pinochet film Sympathisers of the late Chilean president Augusto Pinochet, who was accused of crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court, plan to honour h...
4. Chile: Pinochet Documentary Raises Questions About Dictator's True Legacy  
5. Lord reveals Pinochet role in Belgrano sinking  

History weblinks for The Rise to power of Pinochet in Chile, 1973

1. The Shock Doctrine  ...great for IB revision or during study of Chile / Marxism.
2. Top 10 Weirdest CIA Programs  Over the years, the American Central Intelligence Agency has gained a reputation for being the most far-reaching, sophisticated, and effective government
3. Democratic Underground Forums - CIA responsible for Chilean Coup  OAS Warn Venezuela Concerning TV Station
4. Transcription of key CIA documents  us, state, terrorism, allende, Information and analysis: economics, development, research methods, globalization, poverty, sustainability, environment, China, Chile, Asia, Africa, Latin America. Dr. R?binson Rojas. Puro Chile The memory of the people.
5. The CIA - overview of main accusations against it   
6. The Cia Makes Headlines | Freeing John Sinclair   
7. Summary of CIA documents' significance   
8. CIA Withholds Its Chile Files   
9. Chile Documentation Project   
10. Chile, September 11, 1973: The Ingredients of a Military Coup   
11. CIA Activities in Chile — Central Intelligence Agency  CIA Activities in Chile
12. The Chile Coup: The U.S. Hand CIA was closely involved according to declassified documents
13. CIA rejects involvement in Chilean coup  CIA reveals 1970s role with Chilean intelligence chief
14. Chilean cinema in exile by Zuzana Pick  Chilean cinema:<br />ten years of exile (1973-83)
15. Fleeing the Chilean Coup: The Debate Over U.S. Complicity  ...suggests USA/CIA role has been exaggerated
16. Inside the Department of Dirty Tricks  "We're not in the Boy Scouts," Richard Helms was fond of saying when he ran the Central Intelligence Agency. He was correct, of course. Boy Scouts do not ordinarily bribe foreign politicians, invade other countries with secret armies, spread lies, conduct medical experiments, build stocks of poison, pass machine guns to people who plan to turn them on their leaders, or plot to kill men such as Lumumba or Castro or others who displeased Washington...
17. The CIA and the Chilean Coup   



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